Prosecco is the Italian sparkling wine produced in the regions of Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia, traditionally mainly around Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, in the hills north of Treviso.
It is predominantly made from Glera grapes, formerly known also as Prosecco, but other grape varieties such as Bianchetta Trevigiana may be included.
Prosecco tends to be quite fruity and flowery and as the wines are produced in large tanks with less pressure, the bubbles are light. Finer Prosecco wines often exhibit notes of tropical fruits, banana cream, hazelnut, vanilla and honeycomb. It is a wedding toast favourite!
Prosecco’s climate is classified as warm and temperate. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Prosecco, and even the driest summer months still have a lot.
The region is made from different soils type, but is generally a mixture of limestone, clay, marl and marine sandstone. Together with the temperate climate, it makes it the perfect conditions to grow the Glera grape.
In 2009 Prosecco DOC director Giancarlo Vettorello decided that the IGT zone, which lies in the plains between Friuli and Veneto, will be upgraded to DOC status. These regulations also stipulate that yields for both the new DOC and DOCG zones should be reduced.
This year the legislation will make it illegal for producers outside of the DOC/DOCG zone to use the name Prosecco. Instead, they will have to use the name ‘Glera’, a synonym for Prosecco.