Burgundy is a wine region in central-eastern France near to the city of Dijon, built on centuries of winemaking tradition; so much so that the French government has backed Burgundians in their call UNESCO World Heritage Status for their many different terroirs, known as ‘climats’. Top estates and figures, such as Aubert de Villaine, co-manager of Domaine de la Romanee-Conti, have backed the move.

Burgundy’s key grape varieties are Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, largely due to the cool and moderate climate of the region.

There are four different classificaitons in Burgundy: regional/district, commune, and two kinds of single vineyard communes, Premier Cru and Grand Cru. This is one of the ways that Burgundy’s architecture differs from its traditional rival in France, Bordeaux, because many producers own patches of vineyard in different areas, rather than self-contained estates.

Wines from the wider Burgundy regions are labelled as Bourgogne AC, and the best come from the Cote d’Or – split into the Cote de Nuit from the North and the Cote de Beaune in the South. Key red wine communes include Gevry-Chambertin, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Beaune, Pommard and Volnay. Well-known white wine communes include Chablis, Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault, Macon and Pouilly-Fuisse.

See below for our Burgundy panel tastings, news and debate, recommendations, travel guides and profiles.

Read Decanter's tasting note for David Duband 2012.