Questions and answers
What is the VDP?
The Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter consists of 194 top wine estates from across Germany's 13 wine regions.
The group must adhere to strict rules including low yields, higher starting must weights, selective hand harvesting and five-yearly inspections. Wine estates that belong to the VDP bear the group's eagle on the bottle. Around 5% of Germany's vineyards are included in the VDP classification.
The very best wines made within the VDP may be classified as Erste Lage, the German equivalent of Grand Cru. These wines are subject to a tasting panel, must have a maximum yield of 50hl/ha, hand harvested and be made from traditional grapes in proven sites. In 2009, 360 wines from 143 wine estates and 209 vineyard sites qualified for this prestigious title. These wines are identified by a number one next to a cluster of grapes embossed on the bottle or label.
How many producers are there in the appellation Chateau Grillet?
The producer Chateau Grillet is the only member of this tiny appellation (3.8ha) that specialises in Viognier. Its wines are similar to neighbouring Condrieu in the northern Rhone but the wines are usually aged in cask giving a less fruity, more restrained style.
Which producer's label bears a flying saucer?
The eclectic Californian winery makes this southern Rhone blend with different proportions of Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre and Cinsault. The first vintage of Le Cigare Volant (flying saucer in French) was 1984. It honours a decree made by the council of Chateauneuf-du-Pape to ban flying saucers from the village in 1954.
Which famous Bordeaux property has a different artist design its labels each year?
The Pauillac estate has commissioned a famous artist each year since 1946 to design the vintage's label.
The artists have included Salvador Dali (1956), Henry Moore (1964), Kandinsky (1971), Picasso (1973), Francis Bacon (1990) and Lucian Freud (2006).
How many chateaux were included in Bordeaux's 1855 classification?
The 1855 classification identified the top 61 chateaux in the Medoc region. The only chateau that was included in the classification but was not in the Medoc was Ch. Haut-Brion in Graves
A classification was also created in 1855 for the sweet-wine producing region of Sauternes. There were 26 properties included with Ch d'Yquem sitting in top spot.
Chateau Lafite-Rothschild (Pauillac)
Chateau Margaux (Margaux)
Chateau Latour (Pauillac)
Chateau Haut-Brion Pessac ( Graves)
Chateau Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac)
Chateau Rauson-Seglo (Margaux)
Chateau Rauzan-Gassies (Margaux)
Chateau Leoville-Las Cases (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Leoville-Poyferre (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Leoville-Barton (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Durfort-Vivens (Margaux)
Chateau Gruaud-Larose (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Lascombes (Margaux)
Chateau Brane-Cantenac Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau Pichon-Longueville-Baron (Pauillac)
Chateau Pichon-Longueville, Comtesse de Lalande (Pauillac)
Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Cos d'Estournel (Saint-Estephe)
Chateau Montrose (Saint-Estephe)
Chateau Kirwan Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau d'Issan Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau Lagrange (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Langoa-Barton (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Giscours Labarde (Margaux)
Chateau Malescot Saint-Exupery (Margaux)
Chateau Boyd-Cantenac Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau Cantenac-Brown Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau Palmer Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau La Lagune Ludon (Haut-Medoc)
Chateau Desmirail (Margaux)
Chateau Calon-Segur (Saint-Estephe)
Chateau Ferriere (Margaux)
Chateau Marquis d'Alesme-Becker (Margaux)
Chateau Saint-Pierre (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Talbot (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Branaire-Ducru (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Duhart-Milon-Rothschild (Pauillac)
Chateau Pouget Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau La Tour-Carnet Saint-Laurent (Haut Medoc)
Chateau Lafon-Rochet (Saint-Estephe)
Chateau Beychevelle (Saint-Julien)
Chateau Prieure-Lichine Cantenac (Margaux)
Chateau Marquis-de-Terme (Margaux)
Chateau Pontet-Canet (Pauillac)
Chateau Batailley (Pauillac)
Chateau Haut-Batailley (Pauillac)
Chateau Grand-Puy-Lacoste (Pauillac)
Chateau Grand-Puy-Ducasse (Pauillac)
Chateau Lynch-Bages (Pauillac)
Chateau Lynch-Moussas (Pauillac)
Chateau Dauzac Labarde (Margaux)
Chateau Mouton-Baronne-Philippe (Pauillac)
Chateau du Tertre Arsac (Margaux)
Chateau Haut-Bages-Liberal (Pauillac)
Chateau Pedesclaux (Pauillac)
Chateau Belgrave Saint-Laurent (Haut-Medoc)
Chateau de Camensac Saint-Laurent (Haut-Medoc)
Chateau Cos-Labory (Saint-Estephe)
Chateau Clerc-Milon (Pauillac)
Chateau Croizet-Bages (Pauillac)
Chateau Cantemerle Macau (Haut-Medoc)