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Grape Varieties

Glossary terms

Nebbiolo (red)

Arguably Italy's greatest red grape variety, responsible in north-west Italy for the great reds of barolo and barbaresco, whose range of fabulous violet and rose-like perfumes and flavours of truffle, fennel, liquorice and tar, make it one of the world's most distinctive grape varieties.

Named for the Italian nebbia, meaning fog, because of the mists which enshroud the limetstone hills of Monforte around Alba, nebbiolo is a tricky grape variety to grow and is structured by good acidity and plenty of tannin. Small quantities are grown in California and Australia, where it has yet to show the pedigree of its Italian counterpart.

What does it taste like?

  • Tar and roses
  • truffle and liquorice spiciness

  • Northern Italy's thick-skinned NEBBIOLO grape of barolo and barbaresco fame is one of the most delightfully aromatic of red grape varieties and for that reason sometimes compared to PINOT NOIR, but the aromas and flavours are very different. Structured by high acidity and no shortage of tannin, NEBBIOLO's bouquet encompasses violet, smoke and rose-like perfumes with flavours of truffle, fennel, liquorice and, most famously, tar.

Negroamaro (red)

Puglia's main red grape variety producing ripe sometimes raisiny, chocolatey Mediterranean reds, best known in the DOC wines of Salice Salentino and Copertino


Nero d'Avola (red)

Good quality red grape variety, almost indigenous to Sicily producing intense, ageworthy reds, especially when blended and matured in small oak casks.


Nielluccio (red)

Deep-coloured Corsican vine, producing average to good quality wine, especially when matured in oak casks and blended with the island's other major red grape, Sciacarello.


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