Ownership may be divided among different growers.
Sweet wine style made in Germany and Austria (and Canada). Grapes are left on the vine until much later than usual (sometimes after Christmas in the Northern Hemisphere) in the hope that icy conditions will prevail. The water content in the grapes then freezes and they are quickly picked and pressed to yield a juice rich in sugar. The resulting wines are rich and luscious, though without the botrytis flavour of other sweet wines.
Most Spanish sparkling wines come under the Cava DO, but a few are simply classed as vino espumoso.
where the grapes were grown.
as part of the production process.
The natural product of fermentation of sugars, present in all wines.