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Wine Terminology

Glossary terms

Echantillon (Fr.)

Sample (for a wine tasting, for example).


Edelfule (Ger.)

Botrytis. Noble rot.

Einzellage (Ger.)

Individual vineyard site, the boundaries and names defined by German wine law.

Ownership may be divided among different growers.

Eiswein (Ger.)

Ice wine.

Sweet wine style made in Germany and Austria (and Canada). Grapes are left on the vine until much later than usual (sometimes after Christmas in the Northern Hemisphere) in the hope that icy conditions will prevail. The water content in the grapes then freezes and they are quickly picked and pressed to yield a juice rich in sugar. The resulting wines are rich and luscious, though without the botrytis flavour of other sweet wines.

Encepagement (Fr.)

Grape-variety mix; used to describe the components of a multi-varietal blend.

Erzeugerabfllung (Ger.)

Bottled by the producer.

Espumoso (Sp.)


  Most Spanish sparkling wines come under the Cava DO, but a few are simply classed as vino espumoso.

Estate bottled

Mainly New World term, used to indicate that the wine was bottled on the property

where the grapes were grown.

Estufa (Por.)

Oven in which Madeira is cooked,

as part of the production process.


Alcohol, ethyl alcohol.

The natural product of fermentation of sugars, present in all wines.

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