White wine made from black grapes.
In winemaking, the mixture of grape skins and grape juice
Measure of the amount of sugar in the must.
Sparkling. Usually indicates that the wine was made by the Charmat
Sweet. Much used in the Loire Valley for fully sweet,
Alcoholic drink made by adding brandy to unfermented grape juice.
Bottled at the chateau
Bottle-fermented sparkling wine.
Bottle of 6 litres capacity, equivalent to 8 normal
Traditional method (of making sparkling wines).
Champagne method. Sparkling wines made by this method undergo the second bubble-forming fermentation in the actual bottle in which they will be sold.
Tasting term indicating a wine that has aged sufficiently
Solids, such as dry skins and pips, left after pressing.
Transformation (not technically a fermentation at all) in which the tart tasting malic acid present in young wine is transformed into the softer lactic acid.
Bottle of 1.5 litres, equal to 2 normal
Mature. A vinho madureo is an aged Portuguese wine,
Tasting term used to indicate a wine with a persistent aftertaste.
Anglo-saxon name for the cellars
High alcohol wine,
Tasting term used to indicate a wine pale in colour
Tasting term used to indicate the duration of the aftertaste, once a wine has been swallowed.