Anson: Inside Cheval des Andes – A New World ‘grand cru’

Jane Anson interviews the team behind Argentina's Cheval des Andes, dubbed a 'grand cru' of the New World, and hears about stylistic changes in recent years...

It can’t be easy committing to a stylistic change in an already successful wine.

Cheval des Andes has long been seen as one of Argentina’s stars; a joint project started in 1999 between two LVMH estates: Cheval Blanc in Bordeaux and Terrazas de Los Andes in Argentina. Known for its stunning location in the Andes foothills, its polo field and its award-winning Malbec and Cabernet blends, it has a reputation as a ‘New World grand cru’.

I last visited Cheval des Andes in 2006 on a trip around Mendoza’s vineyards, and it stood out both for its polished flavours and high hopes of becoming one of those prestigious international partnerships in the mould of California’s Opus One.

So getting a chance to taste a vertical of Cheval des Andes when the team arrived in Bordeaux was unmissable. And it was then we were told about the reservations some of them had had about the style of the wine.

‘It was the 2009 vintage that really brought the concerns home to Pierre Lurton,’ the winery’s Italian technical director Lorenzo Pasquini explained.

‘Pierre had been at the origin of the Cheval des Andes project, and yet he felt the 2009 was at the extreme end of ripeness, with lots of over-exuberant new oak.

‘He knew it was well regarded, but felt it was losing the identity of its soils and location’.

Cheval des Andes is still sexy, spicy and clearly from a dry Southern Hemisphere climate

Our tasting of vintages from 2009 to 2014 followed the evolution of the wine’s style and, although you always have perfect vision in hindsight, it’s hard to disagree that the 2009 vintage is an exuberant international style. But as we moved to the more recent years, the wine both deepened and yet grew more taut, more subtle.

But for fans of the early wines, don’t worry: the style hasn’t changed too much.

Cheval des Andes is still sexy, spicy and clearly from a dry Southern Hemisphere climate. Black olives and liquorice abound.

And yet more recent wines show a vintage variation that is not always evident in Argentinian wines.

‘It’s not that they don’t have it, it’s that they over compensate to hide it,’ is how Pasquini describes it.


Cheval des Andes 2013  

Cheval des Andes’ 2013 vintage is the result of precision work in vineyards and greater control of picking dates. This still has plenty of Argentinian typicity, with rich raspberry fruit and generous extraction, but the finish is lighter and lifted, which brings a welcome sense of relief. There is light and shade here, with touches of violet giving depth and freshness to the aromatics. Jane Anson, 2016.

Moving away from a successful style always invites the possibility of disappointing customers. So why take the risk? ‘We are lucky enough to be at 1,100m above sea level for our main Las Compuertas site,’ says Pasquini, who has been with Cheval des Andes since 2014 and previously worked at both Château Palmer in Bordeaux and Tenuta San Guido in Tuscany.

‘There are no other vineyards between us and the Andes, which gives us the direct benefit of the altitude, freshness and nuance offered by the mountains. We simply want to ensure the wines are a true reflection of their location.’

To understand Cheval des Andes’ new direction, you have to get under the skin of Cheval Blanc in Bordeaux.

Not the style (Argentina is a long way from St-Emilion, in terms of altitude, rainfall, soils – everything) but the philosophy of winemaking.

Most important is the idea of lifting the veils that stand between soil and wine. These veils can come in many forms, from too much reliance on irrigation to artificially low yields to too much new oak.

In the vineyards, a dedicated team is being assembled only for Cheval des Andes, where once it was shared with Terrazas de Los Andes.

A new irrigation system uses much less water because in hot climates particularly, the key is slowing down ripening to encourage complexity.

The natural taste of well ripened grapes – Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot round out the Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon – are left to express themselves. In the cellar, no tricks are used: no adding of acid or leaving behind of sugar.

At the same time, the 100% new oak seen in the early 2000s has today fallen to 30% to 50% depending on vintage, with barrel size increased from 225 litres to between 400l and 500l, with trials of the large 1,500l wooden vats commonly found in the Rhône.

And the polo field and the stables have disappeared to make room for a new winery and cellar.

‘We still have a polo team,’ says Paquini, ‘but we had to choose between that or a cellar extension. There was no contest’.

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